December 5, 2022

What is flesh-eating bacteria? Symptoms, treatments and outbreaks

Read Time:3 Minute, 15 Second


(CNN) — Infections with “flesh-eating bacteria” (a serious infection in which the flesh around an open wound dies), also known as flesh-eating bacteria or vibriosis, have increased in Florida in the days following Hurricane Ian due to catastrophic flooding from the storm.

According to him Florida Department of Healththis year there have been 65 reported cases of infection by Vibrio vulnificus and 11 deaths in the state, up from 34 cases and 10 deaths reported statewide in 2021.

These are some of the most recent cases of people affected by bacteria eating meat reported in the United States. But what are flesh-eating bacteria? How do they contract? What can be done to treat them? Here some answers:

What is flesh-eating bacteria?

Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacterium that lives in warm salt water and infects humans through the consumption of undercooked shellfish and broken skin. And according to the CDC, the bacteria Vibrio vulnificus it can also cause infections in open wounds that can be fatal.

“Many people with an infection by Vibrio vulnificus require intensive care or amputation of limbs, and about 1 in 5 with this type of infection dies, sometimes within a day or two of becoming ill,” according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. USA (CDC).

According to the CDC, bacteria that feed on meat stop blood circulation and cause tissue to die and skin to break down. And while more than one type of bacteria can eat meat this way, public health experts believe that group A strep bacteria are the most common cause of these infections. The bacteria vibrio they can also cause life-threatening contamination.

How do they contract?

infections by vibrio they occur when someone eats oysters and shellfish that are raw or undercooked. Likewise, it can be contracted when an open wound gets wet with sea or brackish water.

Dr. Stephen Spann, dean of the University of Houston School of Medicine, said having a wound exposed to brackish water where these bacteria live is one way to get an infection; eating contaminated shellfish (“oysters, mainly”) is another.

Blunt trauma that doesn’t break the skin can also allow the entry of flesh-eating bacteria, according to the CDC.

“The average healthy person probably isn’t at great risk,” Spann said, noting that vulnerable people include “people who have some kind of chronic disease that suppresses their immune function, or they may be taking immunosuppressive drugs like corticosteroids. Or they have liver disease or a disease called hemochromatosis,” a disease that causes an overload of iron in the blood.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of infection vibrio, or vibriosis, include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills. Treatment is not always needed and severe illness is rare, but doctors prescribe antibiotics in the most persistent cases, according to the CDC.

In extreme cases, the bacteria can cause blood infections, blistering skin lesions, amputations, or death.

How common are cases of flesh-eating bacteria?

Every year the bacteria vibrio leaves approximately 80,000 people sick and 100 deaths in the United States, according to the CDC. Most of the infections vibrio they occur between May and October, when water temperatures are warm.

As for necrotizing fasciitis, there are approximately 700 to 1,200 cases reported each year in the United States, according to the CDC.

How to treat flesh-eating bacteria lesions?

Various antibiotics can treat these lesions, although when cases become severe, skin grafts and surgeries may be necessary.

Good wound care is the best way to prevent any bacterial skin infection, according to the CDC.

It is important to clean even minor cuts and injuries that break the skin with soap and water. Always clean and cover open or bleeding wounds with dry bandages until healed. And see a doctor for punctures and other deep or serious injuries.



Source link

Happy
Happy
0 %
Sad
Sad
0 %
Excited
Excited
0 %
Sleepy
Sleepy
0 %
Angry
Angry
0 %
Surprise
Surprise
0 %

Average Rating

5 Star
0%
4 Star
0%
3 Star
0%
2 Star
0%
1 Star
0%

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Previous post Hair Straightening Chemicals Linked to Increased Cancer Risk
Next post 7 out of 10 Mexicans feel insecure in the city where they live